During the late spring and summer time, there is a chance that a certain percentage of the population might contract Lyme disease. Lyme disease is a condition that is caused by getting a bite from an insect known as a tick. The tick will bite the host and sink its head in to the surface of the skin. Then it will proceed to consume the blood of the host until removed. Transmission of Borrelia (the Lyme disease bacteria) occurs as the tick is feeding, usually after it has been attached for 24 hours or more).
Once the tick has bitten the host and dropped off, or been removed, the host is often left with a red bump that may clear in the center and appear to look like a red ring that spreads outwards. This red ring is a condition known as erythema migrans (EM). The presence and size of this Lyme disease rash varies from host to host, as do the symptoms of Lyme disease.
Early and Late Lyme Disease Symptoms
Once someone has been bitten by a tick and has contracted Lyme disease there are a number of Lyme disease symptoms that they may experience, some mild and some more severe. Early symptoms of Lyme disease have been described as feeling ‘flu-like’ in nature, although some people do not experience this and, instead, remain asymptomatic initially or have severe headaches, joint pain, a stiff or aching neck, persistent fever, muscle pain, and/or fatigue. Heart palpitations and cognitive symptoms may also occur, making Lyme disease very difficult to diagnose in many cases.
Not every person will experience all of these symptoms. However, any person affected by Lyme disease has the potential to be affected by any combination of these Lyme disease symptoms. It can be a grueling experience for those worst affected. Once a person has been bitten by a tick that has transmitted the Lyme disease bacteria into someone’s system, there are essentially three stages of the disease that classify the intensity of how the disease will affect the person.
The first stage is the localized infection of the bite and the bacteria that has been introduced to the person’s system. The presence of the highly characteristic Lyme disease rash will usually lead to a fast diagnosis and immediate treatment with antibiotics – early treatment has a very high success rate for eradicating the infection and preventing some of the worst symptoms of Lyme disease ever arising. Stage two is when the bacteria spread throughout the body and the affected person starts to feel more systemic symptoms. Stage three is when the bacteria has spread throughout the body and has not been able to be eradicated. Each progressive stage has the potential to show more intense symptoms.
Lyme disease treatment with antibiotics is highly effective when started early and often effective even when the infection has remained undiagnosed for a while. Sometimes a patient will require switching from an antibiotic likedoxycycline to a specific cyst-busting treatment paired with a different antibiotic if the bacteria has mutated into a cystic form from its usual spirochaetal form. In addition to the antibiotic therapies applied for Lyme disease treatment, patients may also use adjunct therapies to help with general well-being and recovery, including products to deal with Candida (a yeast overgrowth that many Lyme disease patients experience) such as natural probiotics. These can help ease some of the worst symptoms of Lyme disease and improve quality of life during and after recovery.